Thursday, June 4, 2020
The programme and promotion of global environmental concern and sustainability. Cotswold Canal Regeneration Portfolio The regeneration project can be considered an example of environmental micro-management. In the same way that it is possible to cause a change by tackling a major issue across a system, it is also possible to cause a change by tackling a number of minor issues. The disadvantage of tackling major issues is their inertia, which requires more resources and more time to achieve an effect. The disadvantage of tackling minor issues is that their individual impact is more difficult to be assessed within a global frame. In the case of environmental sustainability, however, there is an advantage in solving a problem close to the public. As long as the public realises the benefits of sustainability/restoration policies, small scale environmental restoration projects may win over the public to support more radical policies (on manufacturing, emissions, etc). This is important due to the conflicts between conservation, technology and economics in policy making (Portney, 1992) Particular aspects of the environmental background of the Cotswold canals. In the specific case of this project, there are a number of considerations concerning the environmental benefit of the canal restoration project. It is true that a more or less running course of water (the open canal) is preferred to a more or less stagnant water body (the derelict canal). Stagnant waters may not only look unattractive, but in hot seasons may become a source of disease and discomfort. The Cotswold canals had been abandoned completely from 1941, although some sections had been abandoned in1927 and the last cargo boat passed its summit in 1911. The canal had been built in successive stages, starting in 1757. The climatic point was the opening of the summit of the canal in 1786. Connection from the Severn to the Thames rivers was achieved in 1789. Because of a series of design flaws in the locks, and also because of cracks in the canal bed at the summit, the canal wasted huge amounts of waters. The Regeneration project in terms of sustainability. The above information shows that the Cotswold canal was a disruption of the environment and actually was draining water from some areas, changing the availability of water in the catchment area and the reception area (or wasting it, as was the case at the summit). So, from a direct point of view, the maximum apparent environmental benefit would come from undoing the canal. By choosing adequately the landfill materials used to make sure they are inert (e.g. earth from a construction work) it could be closed. By digging out and building or rebuilding structures, actually pollution and materials to be disposed will be generated. Topping (Turner, 1995) indicates that according to CIEC (1992) the construction industry was responsible by 1992 both of using 50%of all the available landfill volume and of wasting about 10% of all the construction materials used. However, undoing the canals is a negative action course, and the complete undoing would not provide anything remarkable. L andscape management on the other hand falls within EU conservation policies (Lowe and Ward, 1998). On the other hand, policy aspects on sustainability can certainly be developed by supporting the Cotswold Canal Restoration Project. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Programme. Weaknesses include the fact that the canal is not going to be profitable commercially and that it relies on volunteer work. This means that the programme may come under scrutiny on the grounds that it will not be able to show benefits, for example, in terms of reduced consumption of fuel for transportation of goods/passengers. The Stroud District Council, in its Thames and Severn Canals Restoration Position Statement clearly states that it expects economic advantages to come from tourism and employment derived from construction and development. It fails to mention the canal as a commercial trade route. Reliance on a volunteer workforce hints to the lack of interest by investors and companies in the project. The environmental aims are minor and may be criticised by environmental action groups. After all, preserving or restoring wildlife is not the same as landscape management. A more potent case of canal restoration is the Rochdale Canal, in Greater Manchester (Manchester Forum, 2001). In this case, the restoration has amongst its purposes to guarantee the survival of one of the largest colonies of floating water plantain (Luronium Natans) which has thrived in this canal during its disuse. This plant is a water weed nearly extinct which is protected by both UK and European legislation. The Rochdale Canal is also home to other rare water weeds like water soldier, fringed water lily and American pond weed. In the Rochdale case a strong case on conservation of biodiversity, relevant to global environmental issues is made (Harris, 2004)The Stroud District Council, in its Thames and Severn Canals Restoration Position Statement fails to mention any specific cases in which biodiversity will be preserved by the restoration project Strengths are mainly two. The first come from the fact that the programme creates a local volunteer work force and therefore identifies highly motivated and environmentally aware individuals who might be committed to othe r environmental initiatives. This may include either working in other environmental projects, in specific environmental campaigns, or generally supporting sustainability policies and lobbying with the political parties, and the various councils. Raising awareness is part of the EU Environmental Action Plan (EU EAP, 2002) Additionally, this will have an effect which may be considered as environmentally conservative, as it will be restoring a previous, more desirable state of being of the canals and their environment. In the long run, restoring the canal may provide leisure opportunities, a relatively better ecological situation, some level of business, a more appealing landscape, increase the chances of population moving into the area from more saturated parts of the country helping disperse population and its environmental impact and, most importantly, will impress upon the local community of the benefits of environmental restoration projects in general. In the long run, th e programme may contribute to create in the wider population a favourable disposition to environmental sustainability policies. Main Issues of the Programme. The main issues are economic and social. There is the potential interest of the owners of various stretches of the former canals to retain current property. These include private owners owning parts of the canal which have been filled in, and industrial owners, including water utilities owning stretches of the canals or transport authorities controlling roads built in parts of the canals which have been filled in. However, private owners along the canals are going to benefit from the restoration, as in some points the state of conservation of the canal, with muddy water, weeds, stagnant water does not add to the quality of life of the local population. On the other hand, the aims declared for exploitation by the Stroud District Council are mainly connected with leisure. They intend to attract tourism, to attract population to settle in the area (neighbourhood regeneration as described by Stroud District Council) and to attract contracts for the development of the area arou nd the canal, besides the regeneration of the canal itself. It is difficult to imagine major tensions in connection with said initiatives. Justification of the Proposed Action Plan. As indicated above, the main concern of the authorities and partnerships involved is on restoration of the canal and its environment for leisure than with a view of recreating a sustainable environment (which would mean a self-sustaining environment, protected to some extent from outside influences, e.g. pollution sources, and therefore not requiring direct action to keep it going, but indirect action to prevent external factors to interfere). With this in mind, and considering that the main purpose of my action plan is to promote sustainability, the logical direction is to use the project as a focus for environmentalist mobilisation. This idea was presented already in Strengths and Weaknesses. It can be further developed by declaring the aim of the Action Plan to create a gathering of environmentally minded individuals, work with them in the Action Plan, probe the inherent weaknesses of the initiative in discussion with them, articulate on the basis of the debate between i ts members a cohesive action group, and have the action group take responsibility for political lobbying for more effective environmental policies. A motivated action group, aware of the need to break economic growth on a varied evidence of its impact on the environment through poor choice of technological options (Harremes etal, 2002) The key strength of the Proposal Action Plan is that it does not antagonise any of the parties involved during the execution of actions connected with the Restoration of the Cotswold canals. It does not antagonise town councils, the district council, the Cotswold canals partnership or the residents (at least beyond what they may be antagonised by the intent of purchasing from them part of their property of otherwise taking it back from them. Adequacy of the proposed programme. The programme includes as steps procurement of the local government, publicity of the plans, collection of feedback, creation of task groups, generation of a background report, proposition of an action plan, discussion and amendment of the action plan, definition of a road map, identifying contractors and subcontractors, seek funding, whether public funding, industrial sponsorship or private subscriptions. The procedure is straightforward and consistent with practice within organisation ranging from city council to EU research programmes (EUResearch, 2005). The advantage of the specifications points chosen is that they fit well with policies of urban conservation, and therefore can be naturally embraced by the local government as they are identical to their own policies for urban areas. This prevents the possibility of conflicts. Strengths and weaknesses of the proposed partnership between local government and the community. The main weakness of the partnership is that being locally based and on the basis of its inherent weaknesses as a true environmental initiative, it is more likely to be showcased as wasteful or resources which could be allocated to more clearly conservationist policies. Against that criticism, which might come initially from small groups but could later be taken up by larger environmental protection organisations (e.g. Greenpeace) a small and little known partnership has a lower profile upon which to support its rebuttal of criticism. Also, as the local authority has no control on decision making beyond its sphere of influence, it is restricted in its ability to show how it can integrate its initiative within a larger framework of environmental protection activities. On the other hand, the strength of the partnership is based on the closeness of both parties and their awareness, or ability to gain awareness, of the issues involved. Also, the partnership derives strength fr om the immediacy and direct evidence of any benefits derived from the implementation of the action plan, including the evident improvement in the landscape, and the potential for business and leisure. While the reasons why the wider community may be expected to be committed are described before, the nature of the environmental action plan is synergistic with the broader aims of the local council. Local population: needs and characteristics. The population can be described in terms of their occupation and the trade sector they work in. There are some 76,000 people aged 16 to 74 years. Those working can be broken down as follows: By type of work Managers Professional Clerical Skilled trades Personal service Sales and customer service Plant and machine operatives Elementary occupations 8,400 6,900 6,200 7,280 3,500 3,200 4,900 5,500 The breakdown suggests that there is a substantial number of people with relatively high income: one third of all people are managers (in fact, managers or senior officials). This breakdown becomes clear when distributing the po9pulation by trade: By activity Real state, renting, business activities 6,400 Wholesale, retail and repair of motoring vehicles 8,000 Financial intermediation 1,950 Agriculture 1,300 Public administrations and defence 2,400 Manufacturing 10,250 Education 4,400 Const ruction 3,800 Health social work 5,700 Electricity and water supply 950 Hotels catering 2,000 Mining and quarrying 140 Transport, storage and communication 2,600 Fishing 15 Other 2,400 It is not difficult to see why the emphasis by local councils is on the leisure potential of the project, and why the true sustainable character in it is limited. The fact that the environmental aspects of the project are weak and the strong influence of officialdom, estate-related business and financial services in the make-up of the community reinforces the case for a soft environmentalist approach focused on creating a committed lobbying group for future action. The mechanism within the Action Plan. As indicated, the action plan is intended to mobilize individuals with a predisposition to work altruistically in activities aimed to the improvement of the environment. The specific points of action, e.g. disposal of litter, elimination of graffiti, gardening are not conflictive with the leading aim to convert the area in a leisure and tourism resort. In this way the group could be formed, initiate its activities and consolidate. Working with companies and the administration will provide the group members with the contacts and hopefully insight of the aims and interests of the various parties, which would be valuable when considering further initiatives on sustainability, in terms of relevance to the various parties, existence of conflicts or possibility of support: companies willing to go green (Sadgrove 1992) Internal debate within the action group should provide it with the opportunity to establish a longer term aim on environmental issues within the region, e.g. ava ilability of technology which may convert the Cotswold Canals in a significant goods transport route with positive impact on issues like greenhouse gas emissions, etc. Conclusions . The proposed action plan intends to use the momentum of the Cotswold Canals Restoration Project to create a local lobby of environmentally aware and motivated people to pursue abroad range of initiatives to promote environmental conservation and sustainability
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Religious institutions have played a prominent role in the history of American culture, and legislation. These institutions were especially impactful during the start of American colonization. Colonization caused the aggregated need for mass amounts of workers for cultivation infrastructure. For this reason, American settlers began the transatlantic slave trade trade. Christianity played an important role in advocating for the morality of the slave trade (Richard). In order to drive the slave industry, pastors across America used the traditions and stories found in the Bible to endorse and even encourage the practice of slavery. At this time, America was seeing ever dividing sects of protestantism. There were countless institutionsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One of the most heartbreaking quotes from Adeline Cunningham represents the severely oppressive relationship between the slave owner and the slave. She states Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦we never goes to church. Times we sneaks in de woods and prays de Lawd to make us free and times one of de slaves got happy and made a noise dat dey heered at de big house and den de overseer come and whip us Ã¢â¬â¢cause we prayed de Lawd to set us freeÃ¢â¬ (Federal Writers Project). AdelineÃ¢â¬â¢s experience was not a unique story. There are countless narratives of slave owners who were afraid of their slaves becoming intellectually liberated. Slave owners feared the day that their slaves acted upon their intelligence and will for freedom. A quote from Leah Garret characterizes a contrasting relationship between slaves and Christianity. She states that, Ã¢â¬Å"De slaves went to church wid dey marsters. De preachers always preached to de white folks first, den dey would preach to de slaves. Dey never said nothinÃ¢â¬â¢ but you must be good, donÃ¢â¬â¢t steal, donÃ¢â¬â¢t talk back at your marsters, donÃ¢â¬â¢t run away, donÃ¢â¬â¢t do dis, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t do dat. Dey let de colored preachers preach but dey give Ã¢â¬â¢e m almanacs to preach out of. Dey didnÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬â¢low us to sing such songs as Ã¢â¬Å"We Shall Be FreeÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"O For a Thousand Tongues to Sing.Ã¢â¬ Hey always had somebody to follow de slaves to church when de colored preacher was preachinÃ¢â¬â¢ to hear what wuz said and done. Dey wuz Ã¢â¬â¢fraid us would try to say something Ã¢â¬â¢gainst Ã¢â¬â¢emÃ¢â¬ (Federal Writers Project). ThisShow MoreRelatedSlavery And The Slave Trade1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSlavery has been documented and has been part of the world for a very extensive time. Slaves as well-defined by numerous of individualÃ¢â¬â¢s state that slaves were a group of individuals who were legally bought and soon after, became the property of an owner and were forced to obey. No one knows when slavery actually came about, but we do know that it existed. So this being said, today I will be talking about the slave trade, comparing the differences of being an African slave and American slave, asRead MoreThe Slavery Of The Slave Trade1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe slave trade, which was once a legal part of the American constitution, has for many years become a form of piracy because it takes away the basic human rights of any person. The Atlantic slave trade was originated in West Africa and became a systematic institution in American and European economies. This plague brought about an inevitable existence of the nations greatest political conflict. The slave trade evoked heartbreak, and a horror to society as the nation became split over puritan valuesRead MoreSlavery And The Slave Trade1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe phenomenon of new world slavery was a well-run business and the slaves were the product. Slavery was one of the few industries in history where assets exceeded liability and ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s equity, which is an unusual oc currence considering the equation is normally that assets equal liability and ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s equity. Throughout this essay, the rise of slavery and the slave trade will be explained and slavery will be illustrated as the product of a domino effect. Slavery was a process and it took many peopleRead MoreThe Slavery Of The Slave Trade1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe word slave is well-defined as an individual detained in servitude as the chattel of another, or one that is wholly impassive to a ruling power (American Heritage dictionary of the English language, 2011). The most renowned circumstances of slavery materialized throughout the settling of the United States of America. From 1619 until July 1st 1928 slavery was acceptable within United States of America the Slavery protestors endeavoured to end slavery, which at some point; they were effective atRead MoreThe Slavery Of The Slave Trade1104 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Atlantic Slave Trade was about importing and exporting of commodit ies such as sugar, cotton and humans beings (slaves) which would be considered the most valuable product. A slave is defined as a person being held in servitude as the chattel (property) of another; one that is completely subservient to a dominating influence.Ã¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster) According to Paul Lovejoy Ã¢â¬Å"slavery was one form of exploitation. Its special characteristics included the idea that slaves were property; that theyRead MoreThe Slavery Of The Slave Trade1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesyou a few examples of how Atlantic slave trade came to be. What would be significant about it is that the laws, and rules that existed for the slave trade, were slightly confusing. Example not everyone knew or would agree to slave trade, the vast argument was whether slavery was a necessity or not and who would be considered a slave. Some say that without slaves, they would not get the proper work done such as field work is an example. Also others argued that slavery was not needed. A s a result of theRead MoreSlavery And The Slave Trade Essay1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesuse of the domestic slave trade because of the need for slaves in the tobacco planting lands. Many landowners and planters looked towards the Chesapeake area to seek for slaves. Many slave owners started looking towards that region because the International Slave Trade had been blockaded off. The domestic slave trade began something different; where African Americans were moved to a new location either through being sold or being transferred. Because of the desperate need of slaves in order to earnRead MoreThe Slavery Of The Slave Trade1987 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbe complete without the mention of the interstate slave trade. This is most applicable when we talk about one aspect of the slave trade that often gets overlooked, the Atlantic Slave Trade. When mentioning the Atlantic Slave Trade, it is the fact that southerners considered reopening the trade after its dissolution in the beginning of the n ineteenth century. Interestingly enough, there were movements by southerners to reopen the Atlantic Slave Trade that were in the name of southern expansion. OneRead MoreSlavery And The Slave Trade2968 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pageshistory of slavery is long, documented, captured in photos and personal narratives of slaves and slave owners. There are many accounts of how slavery started, the horrific stories of transporting slaves and what they were used for throughout history. To start at the beginning you have to start with how slaves were placed in different countries and continents where they were not born. Most know about the Atlantic slave trade that effected North America, South America and the Caribbean. Slavery existedRead MoreSlavery And The Slave Trade1889 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesFor over 2,000 years, slavery has been conducted in various parts of the world. From year 1500 to year 1900, Europeans stole individuals from West Africa, West Central Africa, and Southeast Africa and ship ped them to the different parts of the Atlantic. This process dehumanized them of their identity. Europeans stole husbands, wives, merchants, blacksmiths, farmers, and even children. They removed them from their homelands and gave them new names: slaves. European slaveholders never thought to take
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cutoff from the modern world for nearly 31 years, Cuba has become home for many of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s worst qualities. In the books The Old Man and the Sea, as well as To Have and Have Not, Earnest Hemingway portrays life in Cuba in various disconcerting ways. Through accounts of loss and death, Hemingway creates stories of true disparity in both novels. And it is through poverty, the cornerstone of both The Old Man and the Sea as well as To Have and Have Not, that the lives of numerous Cuban citizens are reduced to an utter hell. One of the upmost concerning issues presented in To Have and to Have Not is the state of disrepair in Cuba. Though his writing, Hemingway portrays the Cuban people as a hardworking culture, but with roots too deep in poverty to escape it. In order to deal with long periods of starvation, nearly every character in the novel turn to lives of alcoholism. Using what little money they can scrap together, everyone from sailors to business men alike drink to find comfo rt in the rummy country of Cuba. This is best exemplified through a character named Albert, who works as a local dockhand with the main character - Harry Morgan. One day, as Harry is preparing to leave the dock, he recounts seeing Albert running to him. Ã¢â¬Å" As Albert ran to my boat, he looked drunker than ever, and he also looked hungrier than ever. But how else is a man to survive in this hellÃ¢â¬ (To Have 98). From this, it becomes quite apparent that even the citizens of Cuba know their unfortunate
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Gothic art, architecture and literature Essay Gothic art, architecture and literature was very popular during the late 18th century through to the end of the 19th century. This was because at this time society was governed by strict moral codes and people wanted to escape into a world of dark imaginings and passions. Gothic novels involve gothic settings, weather, characters and the supernatural. The main character is usually a beautiful innocent and very vulnerable heroin who is an orphan. Charlotte Bronte has not written a conventionally gothic novel. It however has many gothic features, which I will point out in this essay. Settings in traditional gothic novels are dark, remote and forbidding. They involve isolated settings and places of mystery. Also confining and imprisoning places are mentioned. Charlotte Bronte uses many of these features in Jane Eyre to create a gothic atmosphere. In Chapter 1 Charlotte Bronte uses pathetic fallacy so the weather mirrors what Jane is feeling; Clouds so sombre and rain so penetrating There is threatening weather, which imprisons Jane in the confining Manor in Gateshead. The weather here is mirroring Janes emotions. She feels sad and entrapped so the weather mirrors this. Also in this chapter Charlotte Bronte introduces gothic colours. She talks about red moreen curtains and scarlet drapery. She uses strong mysterious colours that are reminiscent of blood. The use of colour here creates a very gothic atmosphere. As Jane is imprisoned in Gateshead her way of escape is through reading. Jane escapes into an exotic world away from the confining walls of Gateshead. The reader empathises with this because at this time they would have wanted to escape from their lifestyle. Charlotte Bronte refers ton death white realms. This reference id very gothic as it mentions death. Many of the colours and settings she uses in the book Jane is reading are reminiscent of death. Jane imagines magical characters, a marine phantomis mentioned which reminds us of the supernatural that is involved in Gothic novels. The red room is one of the most gothic settings. It uses deep gothic colours especially reds and blacks; A bed supported on massive pillars of mahogany Charlotte Bronte uses dark colours to create a spooky and gothic atmosphere. The room has a hint of secrecy. The blinds were always drawn. It is like the room holds a secret. The red room has a haunted element it seems as though there is a supernatural presence in the room; I thought it like one of the tiny phantoms half fairy, half imp Jane sees her reflection as a ghostly creature. Charlotte Bronte does this to show the reader the gothic side to Jane. Lowood is the second location in Jane Eyre. It is ver confining and restricting place. Mr. Brocklehurst speaks of many deaths happening at Lowood; I buried a little child of 5 years old only a day or two since At Lowood Jane meets HelenÃ who teaches Jane how to keep control of herself. Jane has a contrasting character, one side of her has a gothic imagination and the other side of her tries to control it so she can live and work in the real world. Helen teaches her to surpress her gothic imagination. Jane takes what she has learnt to Thornfield. Jane Has a tour of the house. Mrs Fairfax shows her around and as they approached the top floor the rooms got smaller and darker, then completely out of the blue she says if Thornfield had a ghost, perhaps it would sleep up here. This obviously has been placed here for a reason. Jane generally likes Thornfield, but her gothic imagination does occasionally creep back; A very chill and vault-like air pervaded the stairs It is cold which reflects what Jane thinks of Thornfield. Many of the descriptions refer to gothic colours and gothic atmospheres. There is also an element of secrecy as Jane keeps hearing a formal, mirthless laugh. This scares her but this temporal shock is ended when Grace Poole comes out of the place where the noise is coming from. The gothic mystery is spoiled when she thinks she finds out who makes the laugh. Sanskrit literature Essaychildren younger than you die daily He casually talks about death and it suggests he doesnt take very good care of children. Thornfield doesnt seem as friendly when Jane hears this. All the features of Mr. Brocklehursts appearance are gothic; A black pillarÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ the straight narrow, sable-clad shapeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦..the grim face Black pillar the colours used to describe him are dark and gothic. Mr. Brockelhurst doesnt only have a gothic appearance, the language used to describe him by Charlotte Bronte is very gothic. Many events in Jane Eyre create a gothic atmosphere. Near the wedding of Jane and Rochester many of the previous strange events at Thornfield are explained. For example the person who has been making the strange laugh turns out not to be Grace Poole it is Bertha. Bertha is a gothic monster who had been creating a strangeÃ mystery in the house. Most of the gothic strange happenings are explained. Throughout Jane Eyre Jane experiences many dreams particularly in Thornfield. Charlotte Bronte uses these dreams to create suspense through foreboding warnings of impending events and to create a gothic, supernatural and mysterious atmosphere. When Bessie is called to the deathbed of her dying sister after Jane having dreams about infants the reader is drawn into a tense atmosphere where there is surely to be some impending event. The next night she is visited by Robert from Gateshead who informs her of the death of John Reed. These dreams of infants not only warn the reader of events to come but also allow Charlotte Bronte to establish a gothic mystery in the novel. Dreams are constantly used to add a gothic atmosphere. Jane has a dream showing Thornfield. She dreams about a tree and also that Rochester is calling for her. She decides to go back to Thornfield after having this dream. She returns full of expectation but finds a blackened ruin. Gothic mystery is added when she asks an innkeeper questions. The inn keeper says that Mrs Rochester set fire to a bed and the house burnt down- Bertha died jumping fronm the roof and Rochester was blinded. She sees the lightening struck tree which represents Rochester because he has become the broken man. He calls her my living Jane. This suggests that he is dead and she is alive. This is very gothic as death is mentioned. Then it becomes completely contrasting to the traditional gothic relationship as now Rochester needs to rely on Jane. This mirrors what happened when he fell off his horse and needed her. The whole of this is very gothic as it seems the gothic world is merging with the real world. Charlotte Bronte offers no explanation for Janes premintion of finding Rochester and it is left for the reader to believe that what happened was purely christian. In Jane Eyre there are many gothic features. The book follows Jane trying to control her gothic side. Gothic characters are used but they are usually not exactly like the traditional gothic character as this novel is not in every way conventionally gothic. Jane Eyre is like the traditional gothic heroine in many ways but she also is not as vulnerable as the usual heroine is. Settings, weather and the supernatural all add to the mysterious, gothic atmosphere. Charlotte Bronte did not try and write a gothic novel. The novel actually combines gothic, practical and christian features very effectively.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
Othello Masterpiece In all of Shakespeare's great novels there are many experiences, tragic or otherwise that one can learn from. Shakespeare's novel Othello is not an exception this rule. Throughout Othello there are many examples of mistakes made by the characters that a reader can learn from. Learning from the flaws of others is one way that one can learn form Shakespeare's Othello. In the novel Othello there are many of these flaws throughout the story. There are many ways one can learn from the novel Othello. The major theme throughout Othello is that a man named Othello has made the mistake of letting his emotions get in the way of his reasoning. In the novel the main character Othello is a intelligent, well educated, worldly man that should not have let his emotions get the best of him. This is one example of a learning experience that is brought up in Othello that illustrates how one should not let emotions overpower reasoning. The theme throughout Othello seems to be that the wise Othello has let his emotions get the best of him. A character named Iago has stirred up Othello's emotions. Iago was shown throughout the novel telling Othello lies about his wife and friends. Othello started to see this as the truth. Othello was seemingly brain washed by Iago, into believing that his wife was unfaithful and his friends had betrayed him. This is another example of a learning experience that was brought forth in the novel Othello. The tragic flaw that Othello possessed was the combination of these two flaws. This is what Shakespeare seems to express as the most important moral experience that occurred in Othello. The combination of emotions such as jealousy and distrust made Othello make harsh decisions based purely on emotion. These emotions were brought on by the character Iago forcing his lies on to Othello. Shakespeare shows through these experience not just Othello's flaws but one of mans own tragic flaws. Another less major flaw that was Shakespeare brought forward in his novel Othello was the issue of rushing into things. Othello and Desdemona rushing into marriage illustrate this. This again is an example of emotion. The act of eloping seems to be done when the two are in the heat of passion. Again Othello has let his emotions get the best of him. In Shakespeare's Othello, there are many examples of mistakes made because of raw emotions. Othello has many faults that are shown throughout the course of the novel. Although Othello seems to have many of these faults his major fault is that he lets his emotions get the best of him. Shakespeare explores the way that emotions get the best of people in his play. The major learning experienced throughout the play is that one must control ones emotions. Shakespeare shows that even a seemingly great man such as Othello can let emotions dictate what he is going to do. This is what one can learn from Othello.
Saturday, March 14, 2020
The Life of Louis Riel Free Online Research Papers On October 23, 1844, in Red River Manitoba, Louis Riel Sr and Julie Lagimodiere, devout Christians, brought a young MÃ ©tis boy into the world. Little did they know, Louis Riel Jr. would grow up to become known to many as Ã¢â¬Å"the founder of Manitoba.Ã¢â¬ His life was filled with excitement, both political and personal. The question is, were his actions against the government acts of honor and truth, or deception and lies? Riel Jr.Ã¢â¬â¢s political adventures did not begin until he was 25. On November 23, 1869, Riel proposed the formation of a provincial government to replace the Council of Assiniboia because he did not believe that they were not doing their jobs well enough to improve the dull life in Red River. On December 10th his flag flew on the pole at Fort Gary. Riel held a convention of twenty French and twenty English Canadians to draw up a new list of rights. The convention sat a week and finished on February 10th. Riel soon formed another provincial government that was more represented than the last. Three delegates were chosen from the provincial government to present the list of formed rights to the Canadian government: Father NoÃ «l Ritchot, Judge Black and Alfred Scott . On March 24th, the three delegates left for Ottawa to negotiate entry into Confederation and discuss the list of rights. Finally on May 12th, 1870, the list of rights, now known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Manitoba ActÃ¢â¬ , was passed by Canadian parliament. One section protected MÃ ©tis lands, guaranteed the right to their religion, and the use of their language in the legislature and courts, but it seemed not enough. December 16th 1884, Riel dispatched a petition to Ottawa demanding that settlers be given title to the lands they occupied, that the districts of Saskatchewan, Alberta and Assiniboia be granted provincial status, that laws be passed to encourage nomadic Indians and MÃ ©tis to settle on the lands and that they be better treated. On February 11th, 1885, the government answered the petition by promising to appoint a commissioner to investigate the MÃ ©tis claims and titles. First, a lengthy census would be taken of the MÃ ©tis. Riel, since little had been accomplished, questioned his own leadership qualities. The MÃ ©tis reaffirmed their vision of Riel as a leader and asked him to continue as their leader. Not long after these issues were tabled, a rebellion broke out. It was named the Red River Rebellion. The MÃ ©tis people had revolted against Manitoba for small issues in their communities that angered them. Riel, caught up in the battle, condemned a man named Thomas Scott as a traitor to the provincial government and shot him. This action enraged the anti-Catholic and anti-French communities. In addition, Riel was elected into the Canadian House of Commons in 1873-74 but was denied his seat. He was pardoned in 1875 on the condition he would leave Canada. Both these incidents influenced Riel to go to the United States, where he taught in Montana at a Jesuit Mission, before being asked by the MÃ ©tis to present their grievances to the Canadian Government and be their leader once more. In 1885, another rebellion commenced. The MÃ ©tis had moved to Saskatchewan and began to fear they would lose their land to new settlers. Riel helped the MÃ ©tis build a stronger, newer provincial government, which resulted in fighting. Government troops eventually defeated the MÃ ©tis and Riel soon surrendered to the government. RielÃ¢â¬â¢s trial was an interesting one. RielÃ¢â¬â¢s defense lawyer beseeched him to plead insanity, but Riel proudly refused. Ã¢â¬Å"Your Honors, gentlemen of the jury: It would be easy for me to-day to play insanity, because the circumstances are such as to excite any man, and under the natural excitement of what is taking place to-day (I cannot speak English very well, but am trying to do so, because most of those here speak English), under the excitement which my trial causes me would justify me not to appear as usual, but with my mind out of its ordinary condition. I hope with the help of God I will maintain calmness and decorum as suits this honorable court, this honorable juryÃ¢â¬ ¦If you take the plea of the defense that I am not responsible for my acts, acquit me completely since I have been quarrelling with an insane and irresponsible Government. If you pronounce in favor of the Crown, which contends that I am responsible, acquit me all the same.Ã¢â¬ RielÃ¢â¬â¢s speeches were long but nonetheless touching. He spoke of what inspired him to help his people, while still flattering the white people of the court. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦I found the Indians suffering. I found the half-breeds eating the rotten pork of the Hudson Bay Company and getting sick and weak every dayÃ¢â¬ ¦I saw they were deprived of responsible government, I saw that they were deprived of their public liberties. I remembered that half-breed meant white and Indian, and while I paid attention to the suffering Indians and the half-breeds, I remembered that the greatest part of my heart and blood was white and I have directed my attention to help the Indians, to help the half-breeds and to help the whites to the best of my ability.Ã¢â¬ After the trial, Riel gratefully thanked the court, only to find out on August 1st, 1885, a jury of English-speaking Protestants found him guilty. Riel was hung on November 16th 1885. RielÃ¢â¬â¢s death caused an outburst of racial hatred between French and English-speaking Canadians, which weakened Canadian unity. While Canada eventually won the west, unfortunately, the MÃ ©tis never overcame their defeat. Were RielÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts worth it? Currently there are no MÃ ©tis reservations in Canada and the MÃ ©tis are still as underprivileged and dispossessed as ever. As for RielÃ¢â¬â¢s seat in the House of Commons, why was he denied his seat? Was it because he was a MÃ ©tis? Or perhaps the government feared him? Whatever the reason, it was wrong. No man can be exiled without a clear, good reason , says the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. This Charter was established in 1872. Long before the trial. RielÃ¢â¬â¢s exile is one of the main reason Riel was viewed as a traitor: not good enough for Canada. It appears that RielÃ¢â¬â¢s treacherous deeds were merely a myth, brought upon by the government to stir fear in the heart of Riel followers. So to answer the question of Ã¢â¬Å"truth or treason?Ã¢â¬ I say truth. Riel began his own provincial government, improving it as time went on; even in a weak moment of question, his people supported him. When battle and political issues drove him from his home, he did it with grace; yet, when he returned he spoke eloquently on the subject. Even during his trial, he spoke with all the dignity and honor of a gentleman and a hero. His death was for his people. If that does not prove his honor, I do not know what does. RielÃ¢â¬â¢s life and troubles have taught us much. In the future, we must not allow the government to control whom we believe in. We cannot allow another honorable person to die because he or she are seen as a threat. 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Thursday, February 27, 2020
The things they carried - Assignment Example The province was marked with guerilla wars leading to death of several soldiers (OBrien 123). The view about death is vital because it is the focus of the story. The understanding of death is influenced and affected by the situation surrounding the person. As soldiers, walking across the murky sewage plain, the loss of Kiowa brings a new change. The death of Kiowa has been taken and viewed differently according to Obrien. Jimmy cross is the group leader tasked with leading the group. However, after the death of Kiowa, Cross thinks that he led the team wrongly. Even though, the order is from above, he argues that the failure to address the safety of the group and issues of movement affected the reasoning and the initial belief of the job. Cross argues that he did not choose to lead the group. The wrong choice of camping on the dangerous riverside is regretted by the leader (OBrien 78). The valley represents an area of opinion presentation and analysis. Bowker speaks of courage as he reviews the death of Kiowa. The situation is revisited by the characters, which is the main focus of the story. The experience of the Cross was improved with the death of Kiowa. The title of the story is based on the obsession of the things he soldiers carried. Cross focused on the wife photo instead of the current situation which includes the death of Kiowa. The task at hand in such case was forgotten until the dawn of reality through death. Inexperience is the major contributor of fear and poor decision making. Cross handles the guilt is an absurd and funny way by accepting the blame in the case of poor judgment. However, the questioning of the role of superiors in offering guidance is evident. The experience and events in the swamp after the location of the body of Kiowa depicts change in perception. The letter to KiowaÃ¢â¬â¢s father is drafted in the mind of Cross because of the fear and guilt (OBrien 89). Cross takes responsibility on the